Explaing Two Mental Disorders

* Examine at least two mental disorders and two mental illnesses from the perspective of psychology.

In order to understand mental disorder and mental illness it is important to understand that these are labels that refer to psychopathology which refers to the problematic patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that disrupts an individual’s sense of well-being or social or occupational functioning.  
Anxiety disorders affect about 40 million adult Americans while OCD affects about 2.2 million American.   Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. These obsessions are intrusive ideas, thoughts, and images experienced as repugnant. Although these repetitive behaviors are generally recognized by the individuals as senseless and they do not derive any pleasure from them these rituals can provide a release from the tension build up. Individuals with this disorder most of the time go untreated and their symptoms become increasingly worse. These individuals are obsessed with dirt, germs, counting things, locking doors, washing their hands, and many other ritualistic behaviors. These individuals derive no pleasure from life and their repetitive actions are merely to placate their illness.   Since there is no blood work or MRI to test for this disorder many patients go under diagnosed or undertreated. Although, there are several venues of treatment such as: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Exposure Therapy, medications- SSRI’s or Tricyclics   these medications help to address the depression caused by this disorder and also help to raise the serotonin levels in the brain helping to reduce the symptoms of OCD.
The difference between PTSD and a normal response to trauma, after a traumatic event your mind and body are in shock but as you start to come out of it you begin to process your emotions and what has happened you come out of it. With PTSD your mind and body remain in shock you remain in that state as you do...