Explain the Sequence and Rate of Each Aspect of Development from Birth to 19 Years.

Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth to 19 years.

The sequence and rate of a child’s development from birth to 19 years can be explained using the acronym S.P.I.C.E.

Social development is the explanation of how people relate to each other. Each individual needs to develop independence, self-reliance and discover how to fit in. This is achieved by acquiring and developing: emotional intelligence, moral principles and behaviours and learning how to develop friendships and positive relationships. As my grandfather used to say ,“Treat others how you wish to be treated” or “Do as you would be done by”.

The level of Physical development is dependent upon two factoring groups. Group 1: comprising of genetic make-up, exercise and food, directly impact on physical development. Group 2: illness, allergies and quality of diet, as well as impacting on physical development, can also impact on emotional and psychological development.

Intellectual development covers the following processes :- Thinking, problem solving, assimilating and processing new information; the ability to discriminate between different stimuli; working on memory and recall and expanding frameworks of understanding. At the later stages of development the process involves conscious application and use of logical frameworks of reasoning, be they inductive (going from specific to general) or deductive (going from general to particular, or cause and effect). It involves imaginative, creative and abstract thought processes that feed artistic creation.

Communication development, as well as being able to understand spoken words and to read and to write, also includes the ability to decode symbols, understand body language and gestures, and to be able to use them appropriately. The development of communication is vital for self-expression, communication and for building social and personal relations.

Finally, Emotional development deals with states that can...