Explain the Principal Sociological Perspective

P1 – Explain the principal sociological perspectives

I will explain the meaning of different sociological perspectives.
Sociology is the study of social behaviour, including its origins, developments, organization and institutions.
There are seven sociology approaches to describe the human behaviour:
  * Functionalism
  * Marxism
  * Feminism
  * Interactionism
  * Postmodernism
  * The New Right
  * Collectivism
1 – Functionalism
The Functionalism perspective is based largely on the work of Herbert Spencer, Emilie Durkheim, Talcott Parsons and Robert Mertoni. According to Functionalism, society is a system of interconnected parts that work together in harmony to maintain a state of balance and social equilibrium for the whole. (www.laulina.hawaii.edu)
The Functionalism sees social structure or the organization of society as more important than the individual.
Because society is based on agreed norms and values Talcott theory’s said that individuals are born into society and become the product of all the social influences around them as they are socialised by various institutions such as the family, education, media and religion.
To live in a society or organization it is important to have values and live on agreed norms, because will give us necessary structure to build these values and fallow these norms.
The social consensus, order and integration are key beliefs of functionalism as this allows society to continuo and progress because there are shared norms and values and shows that all individuals have common goal. An example of social consensus is family, because they share norms and values that each member can have better interaction between each other.
Structural Functionalism is a broad perspective in sociology which interprets society as structure with interrelated parts. (www.academy.edu)
It is also the perspective that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability. This social...