Explain the Functions of Assessment in Learning and Development

Explain the functions of assessment in learning and development
Unit 1: 1.1

The function of assessment is to ensure that learning has taken place. It measures the learner’s knowledge and skills in their learning area. Assessment encourages learners to ask questions on anything they have not fully understood, as learners know that they will have to prove their knowledge and understanding to the standards of the awarding body.

Learning and development are both connected.   The learner needs guidance to understand what it is they have to learn, if they are on track and how they may improve. Assessment is essential for this to happen. There will be observation, teaching one to one to assess whether the learner has met the standards and if they are occupationally competent and to assess their current knowledge and skills.

If a training session has been delivered and no assessment has taken place then you cannot be sure that learning has taken place.   If you do not assess the learner you cannot know their level of skill.  

Assessment plays an important role in the education process as it keeps track of the work undertaken which can then allow for future targets to be set for the learner.   It also helps to motivate the learner through feedback and constructive criticism where required.   The assessor can also give timely information on the learner’s progress through doing regular reviews.   The specific and timely feedback by the assessor helps the learner to demonstrate their understanding and development of skills also helping the learner to prove their competence.

Assessments can be categorized into three main areas, each serving a different purpose – initial, formative and summative.

Initial assessments should take place prior to the commencement of a particular programme or course. These may happen at pre-entry, entry or induction stage. The initial assessment will provide information about the learner’s prior knowledge, skills,...