Explain How Different Types of Transitions Can Affect Children an Young People's Development

Explain how different types of transitions can affect children and young people’s development

Evaluate the effect on children and young people of having positive relationships during periods of transition

There is a huge amount of transitions that children and young people experience in their lives, some of which are not so common or shared with their peers. Some of these more particular transitions can include moving into care, adoption, bereavement, disabilities, issues around their sexuality or their family set up (same sex parents). Other transitions are things like starting nursery or school, bodily changes and puberty, parental separation or divorce, birth of younger siblings, becoming more independent toward adulthood, moving house or entering work.

Some of the short-term affects of transitions can include
Clinginess/separation anxiety
Difficulty sleeping
Loss of appetite resulting in weight loss
Loss of motivation
Lack of concentration
Unreasonable or aggressive behaviour, outbursts
Tantrums in younger children, crying, tearfulness
Regression in behaviour

The long term effect of these transitions, if not supported with positive relationships may include
Antisocial behaviour, criminal behaviour, (drinking, drugs, under-age sex, 'rebelling')
Social problems- lack of friendship or peer groups, lack of interaction with the community or people around themselves
Low confidence and self esteem
Educational shortfalls and a failure to achieve potential
Lack of skills leading to poorer work prospects
Ineffective and inappropriate relationships

Having a positive relationship throughout these transitions involves explaining and discussing with the child or young person what is happening, and why it is happening, providing distractions or switching the focus to something less stressful, providing an outlet for the child or young person to communicate (for example, if they find it difficult to talk, let them write a letter...