“Evaluate the Extent to Which Freuds Theory of Psychosexual Development Can Help Us Understand a Clients Presenting Issue”

“Evaluate the extent to which Freuds theory of Psychosexual development can help us understand a clients presenting issue”
In this essay I shall describe Freud’s psychosexual theory in detail, outlining and demonstrating an understanding on how it relates to adult neurotic behaviour.   In order to evaluate this title, I shall investigate and highlight the main criticisms against Freud and his theory and research the pros and cons of this approach, direction and to what extent this has when evaluating a client in the counselling environment.
Freud believed that everyone is driven by the same ‘subconscious’ forces ‘id’ (basic human needs) impulses, but not the ‘ego’ (the adaptation to external forces) and super-ego (the moral balance between the id and ego), he believed that these are different to each and every person due to their individual life experience.   Everyone has a unique personality that is highly influenced and shaped by the parent-child relationship and the interactions that take place in the early years of their life.   Children at this stage are trying to satisfy their ‘id’ demands, whereas the parents are trying to help them adapt to society; they teach them the reality of their world and the moral standards that must be upheld within it.
‘What we describe as a persons ‘character’ is built up to a considerable extent from the material of sexual excitations and is composed of instincts that have been fixed since childhood……The Multifariously perverse, sexual disposition of childhood can accordingly be regarded a the source of a number of our virtues, in so far as through reaction-formation it stimulates their development’ (Freud, Sigmund, (1959), On Sexuality, Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality and Other Works; Edited by James Strachey, Penguin Books. Page 164)
Freud stated that personality develops through a series of childhood stages during which the self pleasure-seeking energies become focused on certain ‘erotic’ areas.   This ‘psychosexual’...