The Russian Marxists split into two groups over revolutionary tactics. Mensheviks were a more moderate group. They wanted a more, broad base of popular support during the revolution.


                    The Russian Revolution of 1917 is also called the Bolshevik Revolution or the October Revolution. Bolshevik Red Guards took government offices and arrested leaders of the Provisional Government. After signing the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, they faced a new challenge, stamping out their enemies at home.


                    Bolsheviks renamed their party the Communist Party. The name came from the writings of Karl Marks. He used the name communism to describe the classless society that would exist after workers have seized pwer.   In 1924, the Communists created a constitution based on socialist and democratic principles. In reality the Communists held all the power.


                    Karl Marx

                    Karl Marx believed that history was the story of class struggle. The struggle Marx saw was between capitalists and the proletariat, or the workers. Marx used the word communism to describe a classless society that would exist after workers have seized power. He saw communism as an end result of essential historical process. The Revolution would end with the communal ownership of wealth.


                    Bloody Sunday

                    On January 22, 1905, 200,000 workers and their families were heading towards the czar’s winter palace. They carried a petition asking for better working conditions, more personal freedom, and an elected national legislature. Nicholas II’s generals ordered to fire on the crowd. 1,000 plus people were wounded and several hundred people were killed. Russians quickly named the event “Bloody Sunday.”