Essay 1

Civil War Study Guide

Coppersheads, what were they?   were a vocal group of Democrats in the Northern United States who opposed the American Civil War, wanting an immediate peace settlement with the Confederates. Republicans started calling antiwar Democrats "copperheads", likening them to the poisonous snake. The Peace Democrats accepted the label, but for them the copper "head" was the likeness of Liberty, which they cut from copper pennies and proudly wore as badges.

Importance of Lincoln Douglas Debate? Series of seven debates between Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln and Democratic Sen. Stephen A. Douglas in the 1858 Illinois senatorial campaign. They focused on slavery and its extension into the western territories. Lincoln criticized Douglas for his support of popular sovereignty and the Kansas-Nebraska Act, while Douglas accused Lincoln of advocating racial equality and disruption of the Union. Douglas won reelection, but Lincoln's antislavery position and oratorical brilliance made him a national figure in the young Republican Party.

Senator Crittenden presented a compromise, what would it have done?   Proposed constitutional amendments that would reenact provisions of the Missouri Compromise and extend them to the western territories, indemnify owners of fugitive slaves whose return was prevented by antislavery elements in the North, allow a form of popular sovereignty in the territories, and protect slavery in the District of Columbia. The plan was rejected by president-elect Abraham Lincoln and narrowly defeated in the Senate.

Whats a carpetbagger? a Northerner that came to the South during the Reconstruction (rebuilding after the Civil War) to take advantage of the situation after the war, usually for political or financial gain.

Big Battle in the western theather, split confederacy in half? Battle of Vicksburg

Leader of Radical Reconstructionists?   Thaddeus Stephens

What was the Freedmans bureau supposed to do? they were...