Err Task 1

Task 1
List the laws (Legislation) in place that covers employment, the main features of these and why each one is in place.
(Learning outcome 1 = 1.1, 1.2, 1.3)

The laws (legislation) that are in place that covers employment are:

The Employment Rights Act;   subsequently amended by the Employment Relations Act of 1999 and 2003. This provides a range of contractual rights for employees, including:
-Entitlement to an itemised pay statement,
-Entitlement to the national minimum wage,
-That the terms and conditions of work must be set out in writing.
-Protection against unfair dismissal

The Sex Discrimination Act, 1975
This protects employees against discrimination on the grounds of gender, for example;
-in job advertisements
-in selection of employees for jobs
-in promoting employees
-offering training and career development opportunities.
There are some situations in which the Act does not apply related to Genuine Occupational Qualifications (GOQs). For example; it is regarded to be legitimate to advertise for a ' male lavatory attendant', or for a female actor to play a female part in a film.

The Equal Pay Act of 1970
Se out that women and men should receive the same pay for doing the sane type of work or ranked as been the same value.

The Race Relations Act, 1976
Makes discrimination on grounds of race illegal In the same way as the Sex Discrimination Act. Again there is scope for (GOQs) - for example, advertising for an "Italian waiter" to work in an Italian restaurant.

The Disability Discrimination Act,1995
Applies to organisations who employ over 20 people. They are required to accommodate the needs of the disabled and establish a right of access for the disabled in transport, higher education and other areas. The Act defines discrimination in relation to disability as when a disabled person is treated less favourably by the discriminator than he or she treat or would treat others ( and he or she cannot show that the treatment...