The Kenyan Education System

Old System = 7-4-2-3

Established in 1963 after gaining independence. The education structure was modelled after the British education system. This was designed to provide seven years of primary education, four years of lower secondary education, two years of upper secondary education and three years of University. The country was in immediate need for skilled workers to hold positions previously held by the British.

Current System = 8-4-4

Launched in 1985, the current education system uses a structure similar to the U.S. education system. Designed to provide eight years of primary education, four years of secondary education and four years of University. Emphasis was placed on Mathematics, English and vocational subjects. Vocational education was aimed at preparing students who would not continue on with secondary education.

Potential System = 2-6-3-3-3

The new changes should begin in September 2013 (if all goes according to plan). In a major departure from the current system, the proposals provide for specialisation at senior secondary education level. In the new structure, a child will take two years in pre-school, six in primary education, three in junior secondary education, three in senior secondary education and three at University. The new system should focus on child development, skills and competencies to be learn and ultimate outcome at each level from early childhood care and development to University level.

Pre-Primary Education

Before joining primary school, children aged between three and six are required to attend pre-primary for one or two years. The main objective is to cater to the total development of a child, including the physical, spiritual, social and mental growth, brought about through formal and informal interaction with the parents and the community. Areas of concentration have been health, nutrition, care and basic education.

Primary Education

Primary school is the first phase of...