Ecological Perspective in Social Work

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This assignment is about defining and using the ecological perspective framework to guide working with a family in dealing with the effects of the Manawatu floods in
2004. I will show in working with this family, what they   discovered was of importance and needed to be addressed by them within themselves, their community and the world outside their homes. I would use other theories and models as well in working with this family,   but will show you how by using the ecological framework we get a   base to work with in establishing this families needs for now and the future.
“The ecological perspective uses ecological concepts from biology as a metaphor with which to describe the reciprocity between persons and their
environments...attention is on the goodness of fit between an individual or group and the places in which they live out their lives” (Sands, 2001).
“The social work discipline has expanded this perspective to explain that an individual is constantly creating, restructuring, and adapting to the environments as the environment is affecting them” (Ungar, 2002).
“In social work practice, applying an ecological approach can be best understood as looking at persons, families, cultures, communities, and policies and to identify and intervene upon strengths and weaknesses in the transactional processes between these systems”.
  Page 2 Bronfenbrenner (1979), suggests four levels of ecological components   as a useful framework in understanding how individual or family processes are influenced by architectural environmental systems in which they function: Micro system- The most basic system, referring to an individual's most immediate environment (i.e., the effects of personality characteristics on other family members). Mesosystem-  A more generalized system referring to the interactional processes between multiple micro systems (i. e., effects of spousal relationships on parent-child interactions). Exosystem-  Settings on a more generalized level...