Eca O.U. E112

This report will explore the macro and micro nutrients important in the diet, of Paralympics swimmer, Rachael Latham. It will investigate the best possible pre and post-training nutrition and hydration, best suited to Rachael’s competition goals and specific needs; and look at ‘optimum nutrition’, which Holford,(2008) describes as the
  “The best possible intake of nutrients to allow your body and brain to be as healthy as possible-and work as well as it can.”(Holford, p12, 2008).
The basic components of swimming are Aerobic fitness, endurance, speed, flexibility and strength, according to Juba, 2001. So these factors must be considered when compiling the optimum diet to suit Rachael’s needs for training and the Olympics.
It will also take into account the customer retention of the national governing body (NGB) of Rachael’s sport, also paying attention to customer care and expectations (and changing expectations) that we (nutritional advisory) would expect from a professional body in this field.

Nutritional science is based upon the chemical breakdown of foods (nutrients), and the understanding of these nutrients or alimentation (nourishment maintenance) in order to comprehend the function and role of them, within our bodies, cites Herring, 2004. Since Hippocrates time (460-377B.C.), the effects of food on the human body have been studied. Most famously, the English physician William Stark (1740-70), who lived (briefly) on a very restricted diet: to see if possible; he died of scurvy nine months later, at 29, indicating it wasn’t, mentions Rooney,2009. Sadly, fruit and vegetables featured later, in his testing diets, and he never got that far.
Basically there are three macro nutrients (required in significant amounts in the diet), carbohydrate, lipids (fats and related compounds) and protein, and the micro nutrients (required in small amounts) are vitamins and minerals (Bean, 2006). Water is commonly known...