Dsm-Iv Evalutation

DSM-IV Evaluation
Rachel Carney
Abnormal Psychology/270
August 14, 2011
Richard Ferguson

DSM-IV Evaluation
Our text defines personality disorders as a very rigid pattern of inner experience and outward behavior that differs from the expectations of one’s culture and leads to dysfunction (Comer, 2005).   As we take this journey to explore the cumbersome mental problems experienced by Josephine, Luis, Anissa, Karen, and Tony; we will see the reality of how personality disorders truly look.   The definition of a personality disorder is remarkably clinical for what it truly entails, as we will see.
The first case study we are presented with is Josephine.   After reviewing her history, and learning a little bit about her personal relationships, it is apparent that she suffers from a personality disorder called Schizoid personality disorder, which is of the odd cluster.   The exact causes of this disorder are unknown although a combination of genetic and environmental factors.   Many psychodynamic theorists particularly object relations theorists; propose that schizoid personality disorder has its roots in an unsatisfied need for human contact.   The parents of people with this disorder, like those of people with paranoid personality disorder, are believed to have been unaccepting or even abusive of their children.   Those with schizoid personality disorder are left unable to give or receive love and cope by avoiding all relationships. There are various forms of treatment for this type of disorder.   I would recommend a combination of several different treatments to work together as a whole.   A therapist with experience treating schizoid personality disorder is likely to understand your need for personal space and private thoughts, and will continue reaching out to you without pushing. With a skilled and patient therapist, you can make significant progress.   There are various medications that can help with flattened emotions, as well as depression.   Psychotherapy can...