Diversity and Inclusion

Health and safety at work act 1974

All people have a legal right to be protected from work related risks.
In general the law imposes a range of duties of employers, the self employed and employees as well as others such as designers, manufacturers or suppliers of articles and substances for use at work. These are expressed as broad general duties in the Health and Safety at Work (HSW) Act but are spelt out in more detail in subsidiary regulations such as those dealing with the management of health and safety and specific health and safety issues.
While most modern health and safety law applies 'across-the-board', there are also additional regulations covering industry sectors such as construction, agriculture, railways, mines and quarries and major hazard and nuclear installations.
Besides laying down duties the law also gives the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) and Local Authority inspectors wide ranging powers - to prosecute and to issue notices halting dangerous work or requiring improvements.
Guidance on complying with the law is contained in Approved Codes of Practice (ACoPs) and HSE guidance notes. Guidance in British and International standards as well as industry guidance may also be relevant.
Some of the key requirements of health and safety law can be summarised very briefly as follows:

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A - Employers
1. General Duty of Care
All employers have a duty to ensure, so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare of their employees. They also have a duty to protect non-employees from risks arising out of their work activities. [Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, hereafter HSWA 1, Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations, hereafter MHSW 2].
2. Health and Safety Management System
Employers must take and give effect to adequate arrangements for the effective planning, organisation, control, monitoring and review of protective and preventive...