Discuss Each of the Three so Called ‘Durable Solutions’ in Terms of Their Contribution to Refugee Protection.

Discuss each of the three so called ‘durable solutions’ in terms of their contribution to refugee protection.

The 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees defines a refugee as a person who:
“owing to a well-founded fear of being prosecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country…”   this definition later evolved to include those fleeing from war and violence within their countries of origin.  
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (also known as the UNHCR) has been working towards the relief of refugees since it was established in April 1950. The main aims and objectives of the UNHCR are to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems. Its mandate also includes the protection of internationally displaced persons (IDPs). The UNHCR introduced the ‘durable solutions’; this was done in order to achieve one of its main objectives which is to reduce the number of people under refugee status. This, they argue can only be done by either helping refugees return home (also known as repatriation), helping them to integrate into the host country and become naturalized (local integration) or providing them settlement option within a third country (resettlement).The purpose of this study is to assess how helpful the three ‘durable solutions’ have been in helping remove the status of being a refugee for the millions of people in this condition.
The first of these three ‘durable solutions’ is Repatriation. Repatriation consists of helping the refugees to move back to their country of origins, whereby the Refugee Agency will help them to slowly adjust their lives back in their own country. Repatriation is claimed, by the UNHCR to be the durable solution by choice for the majority of refugees, as be able to return home is the strongest hope...