Direct discrimination is when you’re treated differently and worse than someone else for certain reasons. The Equality Act says you’ve been treated less favorably.
Direct discrimination can be because of:
  * age
  * disability
  * gender reassignment
  * marriage or civil partnership
  * race
  * religion or belief
  * sex
  * Sexual orientation.

Indirect discrimination is when there’s a practice, policy or rule which applies to everyone in the same way, but it has a worse effect on some people than others. The Equality Act says it puts you at a particular disadvantage.

Diversity is defined as: “The recognition and valuing of difference in its broadest sense.”12 Diversity includes all ways in which people differ, not just the more obvious ones of age, gender, race or disability that we can see with our eyes.

Anti-discriminatory practice can be defined as an approach to working with families that promotes:
  * Diversity and the valuing of all difference.
  * Self-esteem and positive group identity.
  * Fulfilment of individual potential.
In terms of addressing discriminatory practice one of the functions of a key worker should be to “work with and encourage families to address threatening, offensive and prejudiced behavior including domestic abuse, bullying, overtly racist, sexist or homophobic behavior”.
It is important to note that:
  * The aim of anti-discriminatory practice is not to generate discomfort, conflict or negativity, although these feelings may be encountered along the way.
  * Treating families the same is not the same thing as treating them equally. To treat equally it is important to recognize that society does not provide a level playing field; a variety of factors may have to be taken into account. It is important not to expect to find easy or right answers to everything.
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