Disaster Management in Pakistan

1. Disaster management is a complex art and science, which embraces a body of knowledge, policy and practice associated with human responses to natural and technological disasters. Today, the scientific endeavours are focused at achieving better understanding of hazards and discover ways and means to tackle them effectively.   It is clear that the risk factors for disaster occurrences are interconnected and increasingly driven by patterns of development, which impact vulnerability of certain populations or groups of people.   Disaster management seeks to reduce the vulnerability of communities at risk through improved access to services, development opportunities, information, education and empowerment.
2. Pakistan is located in a region that is prone to a number of natural disasters. Due to its diverse range of terrain, the country is susceptible to wide-ranging hazards from droughts to floods, earthquakes and cyclones. With the exception of drought years, Pakistan has suffered almost every year from floods. Almost all of Pakistan regularly experiences earthquakes ranging from moderate to severe in intensity. Earthquake in October, 2005 has not only shaken the people inside Pakistan but the world community as well. In addition, the coastal areas of the country are prone to cyclones.
  * 3. Pakistan Army, due to its institutional strength has always been regarded as a pivotal organization to handle disasters / calamities. Her successful role during the earthquake of 8th October 2005 and rehabilitation of internally displaced population of Swat and Bajour, is also being regarded as a role model. However, in retrospect, many inadequacies have also been felt, which may affect the operational efficacy of Pakistan Army. Hence study in this research paper will revolve around disaster management at national level to identify the role of army in disaster situations and creation of an organizational structure with in the...