process industry
The process industries are those industries where the primary production processes are either continuous, or occur on a batch of materials that is indistinguishable. For example, a food processing company making sauce may make the sauce in a continuous, uninterrupted flow from receipt of ingredients through packaging. Or batches may be produced depending on the cook kettle sizes but immediately combined and re-routed. In either case, there is no concept of a unit of sauce while it is being processed. Examples of the process industries include food, beverages, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, petroleum, ceramics, base metals, coal, plastics, rubber, textiles, tobacco, wood and wood products, paper and paper products, etc.

Om papads
Papad is a popular and tasty food item in the Indian diet since many centuries. It is
essentially a wafer-like product, round in shape and made from dough of powdered pulses, spices, powdered chilly and salt. Variety of pulses and proportion of pulses and spices varies from region to region depending upon preferences of local people whereas certain varieties are popular on a larger scale. Papad is a favorite item with Indians and is used as taste enricher with the main course and as a snack item. Since it is made from pulses, it is easy to digest and nutritious as well. It is very easy to make instant food item and is either fried in edible oil or simply roasted before serving. Traditionally this activity was confined to household papad making but in view of increasing demand and availability of machinery (mechanization) it has now been developed in cottage and small scale sector.

Mr chenna venkatesh, owner of the om papads (India), Visakhapatanam has been into the manufacturing and selling of papads for about 3 decades. It’s a family owned business and its run by his wife and two of his sons. The eldest son Mr Nag suresh looks into the marketing of the...