Developmental Theories

Developmental Theories
Tijuana Q. Patten
Psychology 104
Thomas King
April 27, 2009
A child’s development is the most important thing in life.   Children develop and learn at many different stages.   Children also have many influences that have a great impact on the developmental process, such as family, friends, and the environment in which they live.
Psychoanalytic Perspective
      The psychoanalytic perspective is the view of human development as being shaped by unconscious forces.   It is a branch of many different perspectives, models or paradigms in the field of psychopathology. Psychopathology is defined as a study of mental disorders from all aspects.   The development of gender roles in different forms of feminism gives us a revealing overview of Freud's personality theory. It is relatively easy, however, to find oneself torn between consenting with Freud's view of personality as a dynamic system of psychological energy is a very complex, yet insightful approach to the development of personality. The nature of the id, ego, and superego, and the psychosexual stages that these three structures focus on during a course of one's development, give a plethora of reasons to believe in the existence of a critical period in gender development. These parts together became the persons whole.   The id is the part of the personality that comprises a person’s basic sexual and aggressive impulses; it contains the libido which we are not meant to be aware of and motivates a person to seek pleasure and avoid pain.   Because it has its own source of energy it has no need for external influences, therefore it exists for instinct gratification of itself. Freud termed this as the pleasure principle. These urges consisted of the need for food, water, elimination, warmth, affection and sex. The ego according to Freud is the thinking element of personality.   It is the mental apparatus responsible for dealing with reality.   The ego attempts to meet the needs of the ids pleasure...