Development and Learning Theories

Prepare a written overview of the following learning theories
  * Nature vs. Nature Theory.
  * Freudian Concepts.
  * Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.
  * Piaget’s stages of cognitive development.
  * Eriksson’s psychological stages.
  * Skinner/ Thorndike’s law of effect.
  * Badura Social Learning Theory.

The Nature vs. Nurture Theory
The Nature vs. Nurture Theory is primarily focused on whether our behaviours are governed by our genetic make-up “Nature” or by our experiences and environment “Nurture”.   My understanding of this theory is that human beings behaviour is determined from their biological inherited genetic make -up, but ultimately our environment can cultivate and mould what our genetic make –up predisposes: therefore although our genetic make-up can determine our behaviours, intelligence, hair colour/eye colour, our environment can modify our behaviours, intellectual capability, and cultural core values and how our minds interpret experiences. This theory identifies that there is a significant intricate relations between our genes and our environment. This theory has been in debate for over 100 years amongst scholars. The debate is what area has a superior affect “Nature” or “Nurture” or whether our biological inherited genes can be modified and shaped by our experiences and environment. The Nature vs. Nurture theory has been used in murder cases to justify malformed behaviour. People such as Charles Darwin (Psychologists) and Oliver Slacks (Neurologists) have done numerous studies to discover the link between to two.
Sigmund Freud’s Concepts
Sigmund Freud was the founder of Psychoanalysis. Freud’s concepts believe that our behaviour is influenced by our unconscious motivations, which ultimately means that we have a conscious and unconscious mind. Freud developed the Personality Structure Model known as the Iceberg Model. The...