Level 2 Diploma in Health and Social Care (Adults) for England
Dementia Awareness Work Book
Name:Wendy Maddocks
Date: 06/06/2016

Outcome 1 Understand what dementia is

1. Explain what is meant by the term ‘dementia’
Dementia is the signs and symptoms caused as a result of a disease such as Alzheimer’s or a stroke that the damage of brain cells.
As the cells die the person with dementia will lose their ability to do things they used to do as different parts of the brain are damaged.
It does not only affect old people young can also be affected and it gets worse as more brain cell die.

2. Describe the key functions of the brain that are affected by dementia
Frontal lobe the part that controls movement, behaviour, personality
Parietal lobe this is the part of the brain that controls the language we use special awareness and the interpretation of what is people and objects
Occipital lobe controls eyesight and our ability to see  
Temple Lobe controls speech hearing and memory.

3. Explain why depression, delirium and age related memory impairment may be mistaken for dementia.
Depression can sometime be mistaken for dementia a person’s behaviour and feeling of well-being can change and cause the person to appear withdrawn and this for example might be classed as depression.
If the person is depressed then it could be the depression not the dementia.
Delirium can be bought on by infection and this could be mistaken for dementia as they become confused and forgetful.
Age related memory loss can also have the same symptoms as dementia because they get forgetful.

Outcome 2 Understand key features of the theoretical models of dementia

1. Outline the medical model of dementia
Medical Model relates to clinical approach how changes occur within the brain and managing the condition with medication.
Dementia as a clinical syndrome is a characterised by global cognitive impairment which represents a decline from previous levels of function....