Dementia Awareness

Dementia answers



For each of the following forms of dementia, describe:
• How the brain is affected.
• The symptoms an individual might experience.

  a) Alzheimer’s disease - Alzheimer’s disease is a large proportion of all cases of dementia, causing the brain to shrink as the condition destroys brain tissue ,
Symptoms- This will lead to loss of short term memory and intellectual ability,

  b) Vascular dementia - Vascular dementia causes damage to the blood vessels from disease or clots as from a ‘stroke’. This leads to the blood supply being reduced or cut off and that area of the brain dies,
Symptoms - difficulties in communication, depression, lack of concentration, confusion with memory loss, hallucinations and delusions, restlessness, incontinence, physical and verbal aggression

  c) Dementia syndrome or ‘mixed dementia’ - In mixed dementia abnormalities linked to more than one type of dementia occur simultaneously in the brain. Recent studies suggest that mixed dementia is more common than previously thought.
Symptoms-   Mixed dementia symptoms may vary, depending on the types of brain changes involved and the brain regions affected. In many cases, symptoms may be similar to or even indistinguishable from those of Alzheimer's or another type of dementia. In other cases, a person's symptoms may suggest that more than one type of dementia is present

  d) Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) -   caused by small pieces of ‘proteins’ developing in the brain cells leading to degeneration and death of those cells
Symptoms - This type of dementia is linked to Parkinson’s disease and results in tremor, slow movements, stiffness of the limbs and shuffling when walking. Hallucinations and visual disturbances

  e) Pick’s disease (Fronto-temporal) - is a rare form of dementia and more likely to affect younger people under 65 years of age.
Symptoms -Pick’s Disease accounts for a small number of cases this could be due to changes...