Using the data in Figure 1 and Figure 2, what can you say about  
a) Population change by local government area in Scotland for 2000-10 and b) Change in the age structure of the Scottish population for 2000-2010?

The main patterns that can be observed from the map in Figure 1:-
Are an overall increase in the population percentage for the period 2000 - 2010.
Western council areas have seen a decrease in population while eastern council areas and in particular north eastern areas have seen the greatest increase in population percentage.
The five council areas that have seen an increase in population of 8% or more are Aberdeenshire, Perth & Kinross, East Lothian, City of Edinburgh and west Lothian while those that have seen an increase of 4 -8% are the Orkney Islands, Highland, Stirling, Fife, Clackmannanshire, Falkirk and Scottish Borders.
There are twelve council areas that have seen an increase in population of 0 - 4% and they are are as follows :- The Shetland Islands, Moray, Aberdeen City, Angus, East Dunbartonshire, North Lanarkshire, Glasgow City, East Renfrewshire, South Lanarkshire, East Ayrshire, Dumfries and Galloway.
The remaining seven council areas of Eilean Siar, Argyll & Bute, North and South Ayrshire, West Dunbartonshire, Renfrewshire, Inverclyde have all seen a decrease in population for the period 2000 - 2010.
The graph in Figure 2 generally shows people are living longer with an increase in older age groups.
Less   0 - 15 year olds.
More 16 - 29 year olds.
Less 30 - 44 year olds.
More 45 - 59, 60 - 74 and 75 + year olds.
The most significant percentage increase is in the 75 + year olds and the most significant percentage decrease is in the 30 - 44 year olds with the group that has had the least change percentage wise is the 0 - 15 year olds.
The percentage increases/decreases for each age group could be worked out as follows :-
0 - 15 year olds – year 2000 = 984763 people,   2010 = 911794 people =   - 7.41 %
16 - 29 year...