Dd101 Tma03


Part 1: Using table 1 and 2, what can you say about the ethnicity of the population in England and Wales in 2001 and in 2011 and about the composition of the ethnic population of England and Wales in 2011?
Tables 1 and 2 provide quantitative data obtained through the method of Census, done in England and Wales.
Table 1 offers a comparison between the percentages of population of different ethnic groups present in England and Wales in 2001 and 2011.
The variations are represented by 5 main ethnic groups, and 17 subgroups.
The main pattern that can be observed within the data is that, between 2001 and 2011, most of the ethnic groups saw their percentage of population increase, with a couple of exceptions. The subgroup ‘Irish’ experienced a decrease of population 2001 and 2011, and the subgroup ‘Caribbean’ stayed unchanged in its numbers.
The distribution of the different ethnic groups ranges from values between 0.2% to 2.6% in 2001, and from 0.1% to 4.4% in 2011. The range of the distribution of the population in England and Wales across the different ethnic groups in 2001 is of 2.4 %( 2.6% - 0.2%), and of 4.3% (4.4% - 0.1%) in 2011.
The average percentage of population per ethnic group in England and Wales in 2001 is of 0.5% (mean 0.74%, median 0.5%), and of 0.8% (mean 1.15%, median 0.8%) in 2011.
One anomaly present within Table 1 is the absence of data in the 2001 census for the subgroups ‘Gypsy or Irish traveller’ and ‘Arab’, which can affect the values for the means, median and range.
It is interesting to note that the percentage of population that increased the most from 2001 to 2011 is the population represented by the subcategory ‘Other white’, with an augmentation of 1.8%. The Caribbean subgroup, on the other hand, observed no changes within its percentage of population. Finally, the subgroup ‘Irish’ is the only one that suffered a decrease in percentage of population with a reduction of 0.3% from 2001 to 2011.