Dame Kathleen Kenyon

Dame Kathleen Kenyon
Kathleen Kenyon was born on the 5th of January in 1906, she was the oldest daughter of renowned biblical researcher Sir Frederick Kenyon. During her studies at Somerville College, Oxford she became the first woman to become president of the Oxford Archaeological Society.
Kathleen first realised her love for archaeology after joining Gertrude Caton-Thompson on the famous all-woman excavation of Great Zimbabwe as a photographer in 1929. She worked with Mortimer Wheeler after she returned from Zimbabwe   together they created and refined the method of stratigraphy which is now called the Wheeler-Kenyon Method. Kathleen dedicated most of her attention to the archaeological remains of ancient Britain during 1930 and 1951,working at a number of sites and publishing many findings.
During World War Two she became a lecturer in Palestinian Archaeology at the University of London. In 1937Kathleen played a main role in the founding of one of Europe's most renowned archaeological institutes to this day, The Institute of Archaeology of University College London. The institute had the goal to provide and instruct people in how to properly excavate. She was a lecturer and secretary of the institute in the beginning. In 1951, Kathleen became the honorary director of the British School of archaeology in Jerusalem. Then from 1952-1958 she excavated Jericho. In 1961 Kathleen left to excavate in Jerusalem until the 1967 Six-Day War put an end to the project. This was Kathleen Kenyon’s last excavation. From 1962 to 1973 she was principal at St. Hugh’s College in Oxford.
In 1973 she was named a Dame by the Queen before she died in 1978 from a stroke. She is said to be the most influential woman archaeologist of the 20th century.

Excavation of Jericho
Kathleen Kenyon excavated in Jericho from 1952-1958 this excavation was her most famous work as an archaeologist. During the excavation of Jericho Kathleen Kenyon and her team found numerous plastered skulls...