Cypop 5 Task 1

There are no single piece of legislation that covers child protection in the UK; however there are a number of laws and guidance which are continually being amended.
There are 2 main current legislation for homebased childcare. The children Act 1989 and 2004 and the childcare act 2006
The children act 1989 was set up as there was a concern the welfare and the quality of standard for safeguarding children was not met. The previous act showed that there was a lack of coordination and communication with each individual organisation in the way children were looked after.
This act (children act 1989) gave the right for every child to be protected from abuse or exploitation of every form. Social services were duty bound to investigate all allegations of child abuse and they would have to work together with the local authorities to ensure all vulnerable children were helped and safe. This act also introduced the concept of significant harm as the threshold in which the local authority can legally intervene in family life by means of obtaining a court order.
The concept of parental responsibility was also introduced in the children act of 1989 which is defined as ‘the rights, duties, powers, responsibilities, and authority which by law a parent of a child has in relation to the child and his property’. This translates to someone with parental responsibility has a right to take part in major decisions in the child’s life. This can be in schooling or even a child moving abroad.
In 2004 after the horrific and tragic death of Victoria Climbie who was abused by her carers the children bill was introduced. This bill had bought about changes which included that all local authorities should appoint a children director and the statutory local safeguarding children board should replace ACPCs (area child protection committee). The way all involved agencies shared information was also changed and due to the recommendation of registration scheme for those working with children...