Cyp 3.3 Q2.3

2.3 Explain how theories of development and frameworks to support development influences current practice.
At these different stages in childhood, particular areas of the body give children pleasure e.g. thumb sucking, if these needs are not fulfilled and children do not successfully pass through these stages, their personalities may be affected. In practice this is reflected by allowing children to suck thumbs and explore objects orally as babies, not rushing potty training and being supportive when children have accidents and not making children feel guilty about   touching their own bodies.
Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development is one of the best-known theories of personality in psychology.   His theory was greatly influenced by Sigmund Frued's psychosexual stages although like Freud, Erikson believed that personality develops in a series of stages. Unlike Freud's theory of psychosexual stages, Erikson's theory describes the impact of social experience across the whole lifespan and focuses more on cultural demands.   One of the main elements of Erikson's psychosocial stage theory is the development of ego identity. Ego identity is the conscious sense of self that we develop through social interaction.   According to Erikson, our ego identity is constantly changing due to new experiences and information we acquire in our daily interactions with others.   As we face each new stage of development, we face a new challenge that can help further develop or hinder the development of identity.
Motivation and Personality: Famous humanist theorist Abraham Maslow places emphasis on the individual person and believes that every person has a strong desire to realise his/her full potential to reach a level of “self-actualisation” and in order for individuals to attain this, their basis needs have to be met.   Maslow developed the concept of the “hierarchy of needs” which consists of; Physiological: (food, water, shelter, warmth), Safety: (security, stability,...