Cyber Crime

Prosiding Seminar Kebangsaan E-Komuniti 2005. UKM. 6-7 Disember 2005. Putrajaya


AN INTRODUCTION TO CYBERCRIMES: A MALAYSIAN PERSPECTIVE Sonya Liew Yee Aun University of Strathclyde Introduction The fast-paced development of information and communication technologies in the world during the last fifty years has led to a thriving online community. This community exists in a place called cyberspace and are known collectively as netizens1. Netizens are encouraged by cyberspace’s architecture to communicate, trade2 and to commit crimes in ways that are different from the tangible world. Also, free speech is encouraged to flourish and anybody could publish statements and/or information online. This architecture also provides an environment that is conducive for the perpetrators of cyber crimes to mask their identity and to commit such crimes with ease. Governments of countries, including the Malaysian government3 has voiced concerns over such crimes in the Internet and in any online environment. Niser, the National ICT Security and Emergency Response Centre of Malaysia (‘Niser’) had reported online on 14th March 2005 that: “INFORMATION and communications technology (ICT) networks and systems in the Government are facing a serious threat of cyber attacks. So far this year, a whopping 100 million intrusion attempts have been detected by the Government Computer Emergency Response Team, a special team established by Malaysian Administrative Modernisation and Management Planning Unit (Mampu) to address ICT security incidences in the public sector.”4 This paper will focus on the current issues of cybercrimes that are getting more prevalent in cyberspace against the backdrop of the Malaysian legal landscape. Firstly, a brief overview will be conducted in relation to the popular computer crimes. Thereafter, the applicable Malaysian laws will be identified and where necessary, analysed. Such analysis will provide a glimpse of the current challenges that these crimes...