Centre for Cybercrime Studies
Technological, organisational and legal expertise united
contact: Wouter Teepe,
v0.7.5 5/12/07 WT

Abstract: This document forms the foundation for an academic expertise centre in cyber crime in the Netherlands, as a joint endeavour between the universities of Nijmegen and Tilburg (initially). The centre aims to bring together technical, organisational and legal expertise and research activities in the area of cybercrime in order to produce up-to-date scientific output and (contract) evaluations and advice.



Computers, networks and mobile communication have become entangled in everyday life. Our society has become increasingly connected and dependent on its ICT-infrastructure in business, public administration and personal life. As a result of this dependence, a whole spectrum of punishable behaviour has come into existence. The rapid progress in this field makes it hard not only to maintain technological countermeasures, but also makes it hard for legislatures and law enforcement to keep up with the latest developments. The Dutch Computer Crime Act was well-prepared before it was introduced in 1993, but it soon became outdated because it failed to address an essential aspect of the new technology: communication via networks. In September 2006, the criminal law was updated by the Computer Crime II Act, and it is expected that repeated adjustments and modifications will be required to reflect future technological advancements and developments. A related issue in this highly technological field is that legislative bodies and lawenforcement agencies have difficulty in recognizing and exploiting the technical know-how that is required to react adequately to the developments. The appearance of relevant software types such as viruses, worms, Trojans, botnets, adware and spyware are notoriously difficult to classify legally, and the combating of malicious software (“malware”)...