Critically Compare the Psychodynamic and Behaviourist Perspectives in Psychology Assignment.

Critically Compare the Psychodynamic and Behaviourist Perspectives in                       Psychology Assignment.

Research suggests a popular definition of psychology is ‘the science of the mind and behaviour`. Psychology is considered to be a science and take`s the role of many perspectives. Psychologist’s draw upon a range of approaches ‘different ways of thinking`, each of which views the person and the study of the person in very different ways. There are many theoretical approach`s in psychology such as behavioural, cognitive, psychodynamic, humanistic, social and biological psychology etc. There are two main perspectives that will be focused on in this essay which are Psychodynamic and behaviourist.
It is suggested that Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist, he is best known for developing the theories and techniques of psychoanalysis and the psychodynamic approach. He began researching psychoanalysis in his 40’s when his father died, overcome with painful and confusing feelings, he began to analyse himself and then discovered what he called the “royal road” to the unconscious. Whilst analysing his dreams he developed a new method to exploring it. He became interested in hysteria and began developing an effective treatment whilst gathering data using case studies. Freud acquired many notable associates in his work such as Breuer, Adler, Jung, Erikson and his daughter Anna who become a distinguished psychoanalyst, all contributed to building the psychodynamic approach. The basic psychodynamic model focuses on the dynamic interactions between the id, ego and super ego where he believed the id is the set of uncoordinated instinctual trends, the ego is the organised and diplomatic and the super-ego plays the moralising role, he also believed the super-ego would stop you from doing things (irrational or out of norm) that the id might want you to do. He also believes looking into the emotions, relationships and the past experiences in clients and believed...