Critical Thinking

Developing Critical Thinking
Distinguishing between fact, hypothesis and opinion. Facts are truths and realities, and what evidence exists to prove. Hypotheses are theories or ideas which need to be tested by academic enquiry. Opinion is personal, based on impressions, experience and perhaps limited research – you can’t demonstrate opinions objectively.
There have been many famous thinkers, Rodin cast a statue as “The Thinker” meant to represent Philosophy and Renee Descartes, the Philosophist   penned   those immortal words “I think therefore I am”, the simple meaning of which is “is that doubting one’s existence, in and of itself, proves that an "l" exists to do the thinking”.   So when we begin to look at how critical thinking can help developer managers we are following in some very august footsteps.
As babies we did not think – this process develops as we grow.   Piaget’s work led to him concluding that babies “have no intimate knowledge of how the world works”.   These skills will develop as the child grows and begins to explore; their thinking and cognitive development will be influenced by the world and people around them.   The influences they are subjected to are shaped by the beliefs, values and attitudes the aforesaid set of people adhere to.
Cognitive is taken for the Latin “cogito” (hence cogito ergo sum, I think therefore I am) and is the umbrella term for learning skills – the ability to process information, reason, reflect, remember, relate and form judgements.
To begin to understand how critical thinking can help us as managers, we must first analyze beliefs, attitudes and values and their cognitive structure.
There is a difference between beliefs values and attitude however they are all linked. Our beliefs and values can have an impact on our attitude and behaviour. However we can use emotional intelligence to have a positive attitude and adjust our behaviour in situations. Below is an examination of each and how they are...