Criminal Punishment

Nirmal Kumar

Violating criminal law is illegal and death as a penalty has been in existence for a long time. People have been executed for various crimes or wrong doings. In early years execution has been carried out through crucifixion, stoning, drowning. In today‚Äôs world capital punishment is accomplished by lethal gas or injection, electrocution, hanging or shooting. Human rights sees these death penalties as a violation of the right to life and human dignity. Some might argue that executing an individual provides vengeance and closure for families and society, but serious studies by sociologists and psychologists have proven that vengeance does not provide closure.   Other studies have shown clearly that capital punishment in no way acts as a deterrent to crime. This essay considers the argument for and against Capital punishment and also arguments on the execution of the innocent citizens, the discriminately application of the concept on the basis of race.

Justice has long become a relative term as people term incidences that are contrary to their self-will and desires as injustice, the Human nature is very retributive, its thirst for vengeance is so evident that, States find it difficult to ignore, until humanity has been raised to greater heights, vengeance will remain their quest. The concept of death penalty is highly controversial; those fighting for its retention are majorly fighting for the retributive nature and interest of Man. Retribution has overridden the concept of rehabilitation in the criminal justice system. The legality or otherwise of the use Capital punishment has been deliberated by many constitutional courts and their resolutions vary from one jurisdiction to another, the variation is so notable that some States within certain Countries have abolished the use of capital punishment in their own municipal setting, when same is legal in the country. This essay seeks to evaluate the controversies of...