Craft Production

From Craft Production to Mass Production

To summarize our readings and writings on the evolution of craft production to mass production, one must start from the beginning of our readings. Throughout history, many different approaches have been taken in order to develop the most efficient and cost effective way to produce material and product. The production of these products stemmed from the division of labor.
The subject of division of labor relates to the first reading of Adam Smith and Karl Marx and their opinions and views they believed to be the successful way to produce product. Adam Smith believed of breaking down large jobs into many. Each worker would become an expert in their own expertise and increases efficiency. Smith describes one man working alone could produce from one to twenty straight pins a day but through specialization and subdivision of labor each working man could make the equivalent of more than one pound per day.
Smith recognized that people working in this manner doing repetitious task lead to the worker being very dissatisfied and longing for more of a challenge.   He then proposed the opinion that the government had an obligation to provide education to the workers. He felt if people had an education, they would have a choice towards employment. This way the worker would be assigned a job that suited him best.
Marx had a different meaning for the division of labor. Although Marx does not disagree with capitalism, he does believe that self-interest motivates society. He was a critic of capitalism and believed in individual freedom. Karl Marx believed that Socialism would replace capitalism.
He believed that the government should have complete control over industry and production. He believed that capitalism was inhuman and would only benefit the rich. The rich would get richer and the poor would get poorer. This system degraded the workers. Even women and children were hired to do simple tasks. They became a commodity and were...