1.1 Analyse the philosophy of one major therapeutic model in relation to
  * Its origin
  * Historical development to the present day
  * The people influential in its development

My chosen model is Person Centred Therapy, it developed from the original work of Carl Rogers, an American psychotherapist researcher and academic, and his colleagues from about 1940 onwards. (Sanders, 2004). Carl Rogers proposed that theory could be simpler, warmer and more optimistic than that carried out by behavioral or psychodynamic psychologists.

Rogers attempted to change the world of psychotherapy when he boldly claimed that psychoanalytic, experimental, and behavioral therapists were preventing their clients from ever reaching self-realization and self-growth due to their authoritive analysis. He argued that therapists should allow patients to discover the solution for themselves.

It was Rogers work with children in need and crisis that supported the emergence of his client-centered approach.  Much of this can be seen in his first book The Clinical Treatment of the Problem Child (Rogers, 1939), made more explicit in Counseling and Psychotherapy (Rogers, 1942), and achieving extensive visibility in Client-Centered Therapy (Rogers, 1951). Rogers was renowned as an integrator of ideas, taking influences from many leading-edge theorists and practioners (e.g. Otto Rank, Jessie Taft, and Karen Horney)

Believing strongly that theory should come out of practice rather than the other way round, Rogers developed his theory based on his work with emotionally troubled people and claimed that we have a remarkable capacity for self-healing and personal growth leading towards self-actualization.  He placed emphasis on the person's current perception and how we live in the here-and-now.

In the 1940s, another major world event carried Rogers and his work further. World War II highlighted the need for a national mental health workforce.  Psychiatric casualties of war far...