Core Conditions

What are the core conditions? How do these differ from other theories in terms of therapeutic change and the therapeutic relationship?

Person Centred Councelling is a humanistic approach to counselling. It is a form of counselling which looks at the whole person, it allows them to think in the here and now and encourages a person to explore and create positive changes for themselves rather than being told by others what and how to change. The emphasis is on the individual to decide what changes to make and how to make them.It encourages self-realisation and encourages a person   to have a clearer picture of issues they are facing and think up solutions for themselves.

The counsellor is merely a sounding board that can reflect back what a person is saying so that they can get a clearer picture of what is going on for them.

Schools of therapy.

There are other schools of therapy which differ from that of   Carl Rogers and below I have given a very basic outline of these different schools.

Psychodynamic – emphasis placed on the unconscious influences on how people function (analysis and interpretation of dreams can form a part of this therapy)

Humanist – emphasis placed on the clients’ abilities to experience their feelings and to thinks and act in harmony with their underlying tendencies and to see themselves as unique individuals

Cognitive-behavioural – emphasis placed on changing the way a person thinks to enable them to facilitate change in their behaviour.

Carl Rogers, the founder of person centred therapy originally stated that there were six core conditions that were necessary to facilitate change in a person. These six core conditions led to the developement of the 19 propositions in what makes a fully fuctioning individual,

Original 6 core conditions

1- Psychological contact (requires two people)
2- client in a state of incongruence (not ok)
3- counsellor is congruent (genuine, real)
4- UPR (Unconditional Positive Regard)...