Components of Organizational Behavior

Components of Organizational Behavior
Penny Abate
MGT 312
Kathy Maas

Components of Organizational Behavior
Understanding the motivation for behavior of individual employees, groups, teams or departments is a critical tool for managers.   The organizational structure can also influence how people, groups and managers relate to one another and as such can either ensure or deter high levels of performance.   (George, 2012)   Once the reason for the behavior is identified, managers can take effective action to correct, (if negative), or promote, (if positive), to reach desired results or goals.   Understanding how the organization as a whole contributes to individual and group behavior affords managers the opportunity to have a much larger impact when addressing big picture objectives utilizing the perspective of how individuals and groups disseminate information and the filters through which communications may be flowing.   Without such knowledge, a manager’s decision making tools would be severely limited and likely based on assumption rather than understanding.
The components of organizational behavior offer a comprehensive view from three levels that enable manager to better understand the motivation for behavior.   The first level examines the behavior of individuals within the organization.   This level involves the study of learning, perception, creativity, motivation, personality, turnover, task performance, cooperative behavior, deviant behavior, ethics, and cognition. Individual differences in these areas will have an impact as to how each employee will respond to a workplace environment as well as within a workplace environment.
The second level addresses how organizational behavior at the group or team level impacts both the individual and the organization.   This level examines group dynamics, intra-and inter group conflict and cohesion, interpersonal communication, leadership and roles.   Different personality types correspond to different...