Compare and Contrast Two Views of How the Relationships Between People and Traffic Are Ordered.

Compare and contrast two views of how the relationships between people and traffic are ordered.

This essay will compare and contrast two views of how the relationships between people and traffic are ordered.   The first part will show two different views and social order is constructed to understand how human beings behave in a social environment using the studies conducted by Goffman and Foucault as sources.   How traffic is ordered will be covered next and finally how the human and vehicular social order comes together in the contrasting views of Buchanan and Monderman and how these two different elements of society can co-exist.

Human beings behave in a certain way in order for society to work.   The social norms (Silva, 2009, p.307) being the shared set of values or expectations of how people will or should behave, need to be followed. When these norms are followed by the people in society everything appears to run smoothly.   These rules that govern social interaction are imperceptible (Silva, 2009, p.308) in that they are not written down anywhere unlike the laws of the state.   Although not written down these rules are followed by the population, although not always, as with any rule there are always exceptions.

Goffman’s work was concerned with the functions and rituals of order in everyday life (Silva, 2009, p.316).   Goffman uses the metaphor of a stage in which human interactions put on a different show depending on the context of that particular interaction. Silva uses the example of waiters to illustrate this point.   When needed they are professional, polite and courteous.   When not performing this social role they can relax out of the sight of customers and perform a different role, a friendlier, relaxed role as they are now in the company of friends and not paying customers.   Goffman believed that society is made by the actions of individuals and the minute ways in which we all interact with one another.   He states that society is an entity that...