Compare and Contrast Two Theories/Models of Relationships and Show How They Might Be Utilised by a Therapist Who Is Engaged in Couples Counselling.

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Compare and contrast two theories/models of relationships and show how they might be utilised by a therapist who is engaged in couples counselling.
Every human being experiences different relationships throughout their lives whether it is with their parents, siblings, external family at the start of their life or with friends through adolescence and even going into adulthood with their partner and then possibly their own children. For an individual to have any type of relationship they need to have some sort of bond. Issues can arise between individuals for many different reasons as their personalities develop and mature.
Firstly i have chosen to discuss the attachment theory. John Bowlby was the original founder on this theory; it originated in 1930’s whilst he was working in the Child Guidance Clinic as a psychiatrist. He was able to observe disturbed children during his time here which propelled him to see the importance of a child’s relationship to a caregiver specifically their mother. The main focus of his observation was aimed at the child’s social, emotional and cognitive development. What Bowlby perceived during this time gave him the ability to link separation during infancy between the child and their mother and later neurosis.   (1958) attachment is defined as a “lasting psychological connectedness between human beings” by Bowlby(1969)
According to Dollard and Miller (1950) attachment is seen as learned behaviour (the behaviourist approach to attachment) and the infant would be more attached to the care giver who provides food, as survival is the strongest instinct a human being has. As the infant develops the satisfaction of being fed is associated with comfort. This stage of a child’s life can be associated with classical conditioning. While the infant gains knowledge of its environment they begin to be aware of...