Compare and Contrast the Approaches of Buchanan and Monderman

'Compare and contrast the approaches of Buchanan and Monderman to ordering public spaces that include pedestrians and motor vehicles.'

Social order is embedded into peoples' daily actions although it generally goes unnoticed by many. It exists to eliminate the disturbances of public order and many people devise different strategies in an attempt to make things run more smoothly. It demands peoples' cooperation to interact with each other in 'shared space.' 'The making of social order involves many things like imagination, practices, the fitting together of people and things, and ideas about the past and the future' (Silva, 2009, p.331). It is important to remember that the ordering of society is subject to change and to be remade over and over again. People quickly adjust to society's new rules and abide by them sometimes without even realising this change. This assignment will look into the construction of social order by using two plans of action which have comparing and contrasting viewpoints on the subject of road traffic management in different time periods.

The first case study examined is the Buchanan Report which was done by an engineer called Colin Buchanan and issued for publication in 1963. Statistical data in his study revealed that the usage of all types of motor vehicles increased dramatically over the years causing heavy traffic jams, so he proposed that either towns would have to be modified and transformed to fit vehicles to a greater extent or cars would have to be limited on the roads. Due to the fact that reconstructing a town from scratch was completely unaffordable, the more suitable choice for creating a 'civilised environment' on the road and minimising congestion was to place limits on the use of cars in towns. Therefore, Buchanan's strategy was to separate pedestrians from motor vehicles on the streets so that each group would be assigned to have their own unshared space. 'The key principle was to isolate 'rooms' for working,...