Compare and Contrast Stress

Report: Compare and contrast three techniques used to mange stress.

Stress management helps a person deal with stresses whether every day stresses, ongoing stress including phobias that cause stress to a person. Stress can cause problems to physical health and cause depression. There are many ways to manage these include psychological and physiological (biological) methods. After looking into three different methods both psychological and physiological I found.
Two psychological approaches which both focus on changing how a person reacts to a stressor they do this by changing how a person feels towards the stressor. Cognitive therapy use a method called hardiness. Hardiness works by increasing a person’s hardiness a psychologist who worked with this approach was Kobasa (1979) he found that people who had jobs as managers and executives remained healthy under stress; he believed this was because their personality was harder. He measured hardiness by getting a person to answer, surveys and scales. These were easy to fill out and not costly or time consuming. Hardiness worked by first teaching a person to recognise their body’s changes when the stressor was introduced. It was then taught to think back to a time when you had been stressed over the stressor and how you dealt with the stress and how you could of dealt with it differently and more positivity. The final stage is learning to avoid the stressor by imaging the stressor more positively. When the stressor can’t be avoided it should be dealt with head on so a positive feeling that you managed to cope with it and can then further deal with the stressor. Seligman (1975) said that knowing you’re in control can reduce the stress. Hardiness training is a problem focused approach to stress management as it deals with the stressor. These types of approaches are found more effective then therapy’s that use drugs to manage stress. Hardiness training has no negative side effects or risk of addiction so is a safer way...