Compare and Contrast Cuba to Norway

Zachary Dodsworth

May 10, 2016
Regional Studies Portfolio Assignment Part 2
        The two countries chosen for this portfolio assignment are Cuba and Norway. This paper will begin by looking at the human and physical aspects of each.
The Republic of Cuba is an archipelago country located in the Caribbean. The main island of Cuba has pleasant weather with little change in seasons. This makes it an ideal vacation site all year long. In contrast, Norway is a country in Northern Europe west of Scandinavia and has very noticeable season changes and can be extremely cold in the winter months. Some parts of Norway are 300 miles above the Arctic Circle. Both countries have over 2,000 miles of coastline and deep harbors that support trade with other countries. Both also have mountain ranges that limit the area available for agricultural growth. Both countries have large deposits of minerals that are mined and exported. In addition to mineral deposits, Norway is the world’s largest producer of hydrostatic electricity. Each country values education and healthcare for everyone and both have government sponsored health insurance to cover these costs. Both also offer free education to all citizens regardless of social or economic status. Cuba’s form of Government is hybrid of Socialism and Marxism. Under socialism, individual freedoms were sacrificed for the social advancement of all Cubans (Countries and Their Cultures). In contrast, Norway’s government follows free market principles but supervises and controls the amount of trade. Norway’s citizens practice modest consumption and value leisure time (Countries and Their Cultures).
The geography of each country plays a large role in their cultural heritage. Norway is must deal with severe winters and much of the land is not capable of supporting agriculture (less than 3% is farmable) and must rely on fishing to provide the majority of their food. Cuba has less mountainous terrain and uses roughly 35% of its land to...