Comparative Perspective on Organized Crime

Comparative Perspective on Organized Crime
      Diana Harri
      University of Phoenix
      CJA 300 Organized Crime
      Group SC06BCJ02
      John Hullar
      February 28, 2006

      South Africa is a nation that is new to the world of organized crime, while India has seen the effects of organized crime for more than sixty years.   While the organized groups in these countries may be different, the crimes being committed are the same in many aspects, drug trafficking and selling, smuggling and extortion.   A major difference between the crimes of South Africa and India is that Indian criminal groups are heavily involved with terrorist activities.   In this paper, we will evaluate the similarities and differences of these two criminal groups.
      South Africa has been more accessible to the international traveler and the economic world since the 1980’s.   It has also become more accessible to the organized crime world, opening up the door for major players, such as Russia and China, in the criminal aspect.   With South Africa being an under developed country for so long, it remained isolated from criminal groups who would later utilize the country for criminal activities.
      In the 1970’s the Chinese started using South Africa harbors as a means of smuggling shark fins, believed to be an aphrodisiac, to Hong Kong and other countries.   It wasn’t until 1990 that the police realized that this was becoming a rising crime in their country.   In 1991 the South African police established the Organized Crime Intelligence Unit.   This unit was to monitor criminal groups and individual suspected of crime.   With establishing the OCIU, police hoped to reduce the amount of crime being committed within the country.   However, even with the establishment of the OCIU, the Chinese groups involved with smuggling and drug-trafficking were staying under the radar.   In 1993, police discovered abalone, also known to be an aphrodisiac, was...