Colon Cancer

Colon Cancer
Laura S. Carlton
Yosely Cruz, RN, MHSA, MSN

Colon Cancer
Colon cancer is a cancer that forms in the tissues in the colon. Colon cancer generally starts out as polyps that are harmless but if not removed can develop cancerous cells. Cancerous cells divide and damage the tissue around them, and they can also enter the blood stream and spread to other parts of the body (Thirdage, 2009). Colon Cancer is a disease that can be prevented by making lifestyle changes however, it is the leading cause of death from cancer in the United States. Most individuals consume large amounts of red meats in their daily diet and not enough fiber; this is a main factor in the development of colon cancer. Colon cancer symptoms are changes in bowel habit, there may be abdominal pressure or discomfort, weight loss, diarrhea, or constipation the symptoms can be mistaken for other health issues so many times will go undiagnosed until the condition has progressed (Zelman, Tompary, & Raymond, Chapter 9, 2010).

Lifestyle changes that would either prevent or control the disease would to be sure that you maintain a healthy weight, don’t smoke, get regular exercise every day, and eat plenty of fiber to keep your bowels healthy. It is best to limit the amount of red meats that you consume in your daily diet. Another strategy that is important would be to know your family history, if you have colon cancer in the family history then you run a higher risk than the average individual. Even if it does not run in the family you still need to be screened for it regularly, or as your physician recommends. Early detection is key to preventing the disease from developing colon cancer grows slowly so if it is detected early it can be cured in most cases (Colorectal Cancer, 2013).  
There are only a few factors that might make it difficult to follow the preferred lifestyle to avoid colon cancer; one of those factors would be if you do not have health insurance...