The purpose of this paper is to examine clinical psychology. Part of this papers discussion will be the history and evolving nature of clinical counseling psychology. Research and statistics play an important part of clinical counseling psychology and will be examined. In conclusion a comparison to other forms of psychology will be made.
The evolution or history of psychology starts as early as the Greeks where the mind and body were interconnected with the health and illness of an individual. Hippocrates focused on four bodily fluids which were the blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm in which an individual’s personality and temperament were the result of imbalance from the impact of an individual’s environment (Boyd & Bee, 2006). Hippocrates was one of the first to be sensitive to an individual’s psychological and interpersonal needs and how they contribute to troubling behaviors exhibited (Boyd & Bee, 2006). In the middle ages, from 500 to 1450 AD, supernatural forces were considered to be the influences and causes of mental health disorders (Plante, 2005). The Roman Catholic Church focused upon spiritual matters, being the influences of mental health issues and treated people on the basis of if they had sinned, were witches or demons. Treatment for insanity may include execution after the clergy or priest attempted to perform exorcism and it had failed (Denise & Helen, 2006). Not all theories were consistent with the Roman Catholic Church’s feelings whereas Saint Thomas Aquinas theorized mental illness was not part of the soul, but was caused by physical issues or cognitive or emotional problems (Plante).
The Renaissance period focused more on the scientific portions of mental health where biological, physical, and chemistry were seen to be causes of illness as can be seen in Giovanni Battista Morgagni’s autopsy (Plante, 2005). Medical discoveries such as the heart being...