Clasiscal and Huministic Approach to Management

The earliest management philosophy, the classical perspective, emerged in the 19th and early 20th century in response to a problem businesses grapple with today: with coordination and control, how to make businesses efficient operating machines rational, scientific approach to management, In the factory system, managers had the challenge of coordinating a huge, unskilled labor force, complex production systems, and an expansive manufacturing operation. The overall classical perspective as an approach to management was very powerful and gave companies fundamental new skills for establishing high productivity and effective treatment of employees.

This perspective contains three subfields:
Scientific Management it emphasized scientifically determined changes in management practices as the solution to improving labour productivity. Frederick W. Taylor
Bureaucratic Organizations : it emphasized management on an impersonal, rational basis through such elements as clearly defined authority and responsibility, formal record-keeping and separation of management and ownership.
Administrative Principles it focuses on the total organization rather than the individual worker, delineating the management functions of planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating and controlling.
The Evolution of Management Thinking
Humanistic Approach is based on the idea that human are motivate by more than economic rewards. They also required satisfying social relation and personal fulfillment. The study of humanistic approach started in 1924 by Elton Mayo. He undertook research at the Hawthorn Works Plant of the Western Electric Company in Chicago. This research determined how economic incentives and the physical conditions of the workplace affected the output of worker. This...