Childhood Studies and Anthropology

E212 Childhood TMA 03 Part A & B


TMA 03 Parts A and B Children and Work. Within this assignment I will firstly define what is children’s work and childhood? I will then go onto outline why and what work is incompatible or compatible with childhood, focusing on the following sites of work home/farm, the streets, factories as well as school locally and globally. Evidence will be discussed and presented under three headlines, drawing on varies examples of research. Defining what is children’s work and childhood. Defining the term childhood is challenging, Unicef state it’s a ‘time for children to be in school and at play, to grow strong and confident with the love and encouragement of their family and an extended community of caring adults’, ‘children should live free from fear, safe from violence and protected from abuse and exploitation’. The question should children work, possibly comes down to age, circumstances, location, coupled whether the child wants to! However this is not always the case within the minority world, whereby household income is essential. Children’s work is often seen as economic activity (Boyden et al (1998), thus providing children with a positive experience that benefits their development. Children’s work around the work maybe unregulated, thus questioning how this benefits the child. Save the children use the term ‘children’s work’ of which is supported by Unicef, advocating article 32 of which in summary states children should be protected from harmful work. When asking children how they define work, answers are often generated according to their own experiences. Some see it as learning skills, increasing independence, others believe it is essential to their families’ survival, whilst others fear work and feel exploited. Why and in what circumstances work may be incompatible with childhood? Domestic work and agricultural errands by children in West Afica and...