Childhood Obesity

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Childhood Obesity
      The scientists and doctors around the world are increasingly concerned about the problem of childhood obesity in recent years. They are trying to find a way out of this situation and conduct numerous studies regarding this problem. This specialists’ attitude is understandable - from year to year, childhood obesity is a growing health burden of the younger generation of the entire planet.
      As well as adults obesity, childhood obesity is caused by a whole set of reasons, but the most important of them is the mismatch of generated energy (calories from food) and wasted energy (calories burned during the primary metabolism and physical activity). Childhood obesity often develops as a result of a complex interaction of dietary, psychological, genetic and physiological factors. Children, whose parents are also overweight, are most susceptible to obesity (Flamenbaum 26). This phenomenon can be explained by heredity or modeling of parental eating behavior, which indirectly affects the energy balance of the child. Half of the parents of primary school children have never played sports and avoid physical activity. Commitment to television programs and computer games also creates a threat to the health of today’s children. The result is that the daily caloric intake in children is increased by 30% and energy consumption does not occur due to a sedentary lifestyle (Ellison, Hasting and Cameron 41). Moreover, childhood obesity may manifest itself to children that are frequent visitors to the fast food restaurants, eat less fruit and vegetables and drink more soda. Such steps deprive children of vitamins and provoke a metabolic disorder (Heaton-Harris, 30).
      Obese children have a predisposition to high blood pressure and gall bladder disease, primarily to the formation of gallstones. Obese children often have a skin rashes, especially eczema; injuries and burns occurred more often (probably...