Unit 114 Engage Parents in their Children’s Early
Outcome 1 Understand the policy context and research that
underpins parental involvement in their children’s early learning
Assessment Criteria
The learner can:
1. Explain key research findings which show the importance of parental involvement in their
children’s learning in their early years.

The Effective Provision of Pre-School Education (EPPE) project is a large-scale longitudinal study of 3,000 children, which has followed the progress of these children from the age of three. Parents involvement in the home learning activities makes an important difference to children’s attainment (and social behaviour) at age three plus through to the age of 10, when the influence of other background factors have been taken into account (such as family social-economic status, mothers education, income and ethnicity).
The EPPE research has found that a range of activities are associated with positive outcomes at age 3 and 7 including playing with letters and numbers, emphasising on the alphabet, reading with the child teaching songs and nursery rhymes, painting and drawing, and visiting the library. This study also found significant differences in the types of home learning activities that parents undertake with boys compared to girls. Significantly more girl’s parents reported activities such as reading, teaching songs and nursery rhymes etc. Differences in this aspect of parenting may account for some of the variation in cognitive and social behavioural outcomes of boys and girls when they enter primary school
2. Explain the concept of positive home learning environments and identify ways of promoting and supporting them.
Research revealed that the strength of the influence of early years Home Learning Environment (HLE) which is the strongest predictor of higher attainment especially in reading in year 5. It also highlighted interesting interactions between the quality of the pre-school and early years...