Child Psychology Attachment


In your own words, detail the “for” and “against” arguments with regard to innate and learned behaviour. Feel free to include your own opinion but be sure to justify it. Try to include an equal amount of information for both sides. Use at least 500 words for your answer.


|The meaning of “innate” behaviour is something you do not have |The meaning of “learned” behaviour is something you have to be |
|to be taught.                                                   |taught.                                                         |

Behaviour is determined by a combination of inherited traits, experience, and the environment. Some behaviour, called innate, comes from our genes, but other behaviour is learned, either by being taught or from interacting with the world.

The nature versus nurture debate is a subject much discussed in the subject of psychology.   It concerns an individual’s “innate” qualities versus that of “learned” experiences.

Innate Behaviour:
The behaviour which people are born with is called “innate” behaviour as opposed to “learned” behaviour which is gained through experience. Nativists (nativism is the view that certain skills or abilities are "native" or hard-wired into the brain at birth) believe this behaviour to be “natural” and “instinctive”.   Reflexes are innate behaviour and babies are born with several. Some of these include:
      • Swallowing.
      • Coughing.
      • Blinking.
These reflexes are to enable the baby to protect itself and are simple and quick responses which our bodies do automatically i.e.
      • When food is in the wind pipe, the response would be to cough, to prevent choking.
      • When a puff of air goes into the eye, it would be automatic to blink, to protect the lens.

We know that if we put an object near babies’ mouths they will try to suck.   This can often be seen during an ultrasound scan.   This I have witnessed when I saw the scan of my son, who was sucking...