Child Protection

1. Understand the legal requirements and guidance on safeguarding in early years settings.
1.1 Analyse legal requirements and guidance relating to the safeguarding of children.
In England and Wales, policies and procedures for Safeguarding and Child Protection are the result of the Children Act 1989. The Children Act 2004 also introduced further changes to the structure and organisation of the way Child Protection is, after the serious case review which involved Victoria Climbiè.

Children Act 1989
The aim of this act is to simplify the laws that are already in place, which protect children and young people in the UK. It was seen as a “serious shake up” of children’s rights and protection, and also made it clear what the duties are for all who work with children and young people and how they should work as a team in the event of a child abuse allegation.

Children Act 2004
After the death of Victoria Climbiè in 2000, it was realised that the services that were set out to identify, protect and safeguard vulnerable children were still not working. In 2003, the Laming Report criticised the approach to protecting children in our society. This resulted in a green paper, known as Every Child Matters, which then led to the Children Act 2004 in England, and other similar bills in all four UK countries.
There are four main features of the Children Act 2004, they are:-

Lead counsellors for children’s services with political responsibility for local child welfare.
A new Common Assessment Framework to help agencies to identify welfare needs.

Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS)

The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) works to safeguard children in the United Kingdom. This is because when children are safe and secure, healthy, when their individual needs are being met and when they have positive relationships with the adults that are caring for them, they will learn best. The EYFS welfare and safeguarding requirements are intended to ensure that care...